草木皆兵

草木皆兵

 

公元383年,秦王苻堅率領步兵、騎兵90萬,攻打江南的晉朝。

在一輪戰敗後,苻堅從城牆俯視周遭,當他看到勢不可破的東晉部隊,他感到很害怕。

此時,苻堅在壽春城上望見晉軍隊伍嚴整,士氣高昂,再北望八公山,只見山上一草一木都像晉軍的士兵一樣,於是更加恐慌。

後來苻堅全軍覆沒,帶著少數殘餘的隊伍逃回去了。

 

這個成語後來形容人在極度驚恐時,疑神疑鬼的心理狀態。

In AD 383, the king of Former Qin (秦朝), Fu Jian (fú jiān 苻坚), led a huge army to attack Eastern Jin.

After losing the first round of fighting, Fu Jian looked down from a city wall, and was terrified when he saw the formidable battle array of the Eastern Jin army.

And then looking at the mountains around, he mistook the grass and trees for enemy soldiers.

As a result, when the nervous Fu Jian led his army into battle, it suffered a crushing defeat.

 

This idiom describes how one can defeat oneself by imaging difficulties.